invertebrates that possess a soft, unsegmented body and live in aquatic or damp habitats. Many have an external, calcareous shell (although some do not). Phylum Mollusca is the second-largest phylum of invertebrate animals after the arthropods (Arthropoda), and includes gastropods (e.g. snails and slugs), cephalopods (e.g. octopuses), and bivalves (e.g. clams).