Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF)

a U.S. Naval facility off the island of Kauai, Hawaii, that is the world’s largest instrumented, multi-dimensional testing and training missile range. It is the only range in the world where submarines, surface ships, aircraft, and space vehicles can operate and be tracked simultaneously. There are over 1,100 square miles of instrumented underwater range and over 42,000 square miles of controlled airspace. Additional bottom-mounted hydrophones are being installed at PMRF in early 2011, and similar to AUTEC and SCORE, a Marine Mammal Monitoring (M3R) system is being installed to monitor vocalizing animals.